Vandalism, insults, threats and beatings are just some of the Spanish unionist-inspired attacks that were seen in autumn 2017, especially after 1 October. Although the perpetrators are a small minority among all the people who have come out in favour of Spanish unity, the violence cuts across boundaries and has set the tone in a great many of the mobilisations by antiindependentists. Far-right militants have been behind a great many incidents, but by no means all of them: in many cases, the only common denominator among the aggressors is the display of pro-Spain symbols or slogans. The majority of the Madrid-based media have ignored these aggressions and fed an anti-Catalanist narrative that has made them even more immune from punishment.

Between 8 September and 11 December, at least 139 violent incidents took place in Catalonia that were politically motivated in defence of the unity of Spain (without including the actions of the Spanish police on and around 1 October to prevent the referendum from going ahead). The majority of these (86) were physical aggressions, which caused a total of 101 victims with injuries of varying degrees of consideration. The remaining offences were of a range of types, although primarily we find threats, intimidation, vandalism, damage to private property and at least two cases of sexual violence.

Keep reading the report and the chronology of incidents in English:

Full report:

Click on the image to read the report.

Click on the image to read the report.

Appendix with the chronology of incidents:

Click on the image to read the appendix.

Click on the image to read the appendix.

Original version (in Catalan): here.

Spanish version: here.

Translations: Fundació Catalunya-Estat.


This report was published in February 2018 in Mè’s Media Blackouts Yearbook, a project that every year brings attention to issues that have been silenced by corporate mainstream media. Help us to publish more investigations like this! Buy the Mè Yearbook online or in your nearest bookshop (available in Catalan).

Un dels principals projectes de Mè és l’Anuari dels Silencis Mediàtics, que treu a la llum temes silenciats pels mitjans de comunicació i que es finança gràcies al micromecenatge: això vol dir que les nostres investigacions no depenen de cap gran finançador que les pugui condicionar, sinó de petits suports de moltes persones alhora.

#AraMésQueMai, ens hi ajudes?

Ves a Verkami Anuari Mè 2019